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Cohort Acronym

Cohort type
General population-based cohort


Participant type
No diagnosis

Recruitment Period 1937-39 
Sample size at start or planned sample size if still recruiting 4999  
Estimated Current Sample Size 0 to 4,999 
Age at Recruitment 0-19   
Gender Male and Female 

The Boyd Orr cohort is an historical cohort study carried out by the University of Bristol School of Social Medicine to investigate the long term impact of children’s diet, growth, living conditions and health on adult cardiovascular disease. It is based upon based on the 65 year follow-up of the Carnegie Survey of Diet and Health (1937-9).

It is based on the long term follow-up of 4,999 children who were surveyed in the Carnegie United Kingdom Trust’s study of Family Diet and Health in Pre-War Britain (1937-1939). With funding from the British Heart Foundation, the cohort was established in 1988 by Professors George Davey Smith and Stephen Frankel who retrieved the original research records of the pre-war survey from the Rowett Research Institute.


Last update: 11/01/2017

Country United Kingdom 
Contact details
Institution name University of Bristol 
Principal Investiator (PI) Professor Richard Martin 
Contact email  
Contact phone number  
Address Boyd Orr Cohort Study
School of Social and Community Medicine
University of Bristol
Canynge Hall
39 Whatley Road
Bristol, BS8 2PS
United Kingdom 
Funders (Core support) Medical Research Council (UK)|The World Cancer Research Fund
Research into Ageing
UK Survivors
The Economic and Social Research Council
The Wellcome Trust and the British Heart Foundation 

Variables Collected

Brain related measures: N/A
Funtional rating: N/A
Anthropometric: Blood pressure, Height, Hip circumference, Waist circumference, Weight
Physical: Cardiovascular, Reproductive, Respiratory
Biological samples: Blood
Genotyping: N/A
Brain imaging: N/A
Brain banking: N/A
Lifestyle: Alcohol, Dietary habits, Physical activity, Smoking
Socio-economic: Education, Family circumstances, Housing and accommodation, Income and finances, Marital status, Occupation and employment
Health service utilisation: N/A
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